Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra
Since 1993-2000 of release
Repair and car operation
Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra
+ Cars Opel Corsa B, Tigra and Combo
+ Controls and operation receptions
- Options and car routine maintenance
The routine maintenance schedule
The general information
The general data on options and adjustments
Checks of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
Removal of a sediment from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition of components
Check, service and gymnastics
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes
Check of system of release of the fulfilled gases
Check of brake system
Electric equipment check
The control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and the car bottom
Check and adjustment of turns of idling and the maximum turns
Replacement of a filtering element
Check and service
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check of structure of the fulfilled gases
Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
Survey of components of a suspension bracket
Check and adjustment клапанных backlashes on the diesel engine
Replacement of spark plugs
Check of adjustment of a pedal of coupling
Replacement of a brake liquid
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual 5-step box of a gear change
+ Automatic 4-step transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Checks of levels of liquids
Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, coupling, heating and an air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. Whereas all liquids are subject eventually разжижению and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before to start updating of level or replacement, familiarise with the list recommended to use in the car of grades of liquids (Specifications to the Head of Adjustment and car routine maintenance see).
The visual control of leaks
At the greasy engine and the big expense of oil check up places of the most probable development of leaks:
Щуп measurements of level of impellent oil (1) with labels and directing щупа (2)
Cooling liquid of the engine
All models of cars described in the present Management are equipped by system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located before a partition of an impellent compartment. At engine warming up the cooling liquid (ОЖ) extends, and its surplus flows through the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, the liquid comes back on a hose back in a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.
Level ОЖ in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and at the cold engine should not fall below mark KALT/COLD in a wall of the tank made of translucent plastic In case of need make corresponding updating, having added in a tank demanded quantity of a fresh mix.
Check of level of a cooling liquid through translucent walls of a broad tank
Constant falling of level of a cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check up on presence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain stoppers and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care centre workshop.
In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn away a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is steam emission, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, only after that definitively uncover.
Besides level always check also a condition of a cooling liquid, - it should be concerning transparent. If the cooling liquid is painted in krasnovato-brown colour of a rust, the cooling system should be emptied, washed out and filled by a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if the liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion eventually are exposed to the development, therefore the cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see Has undressed the routine maintenance Schedule).
Try not to suppose antifreeze hit on open sites of a skin or the painted surfaces кузовных components. Casual splashes immediately wash off a plentiful quantity of water.
Liquid of washers of glasses and lenses of headlights
The liquid for washing of wind and back glasses is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in the left corner of an impellent compartment between an amortisation rack and a partition; the tank for a liquid of washers of lenses of headlights is located before amortisation стойкойВ regions with a temperate climate as a liquid for glass washing pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of indemnification of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe environmental conditions use only патентованные the screen wipers providing corresponding decrease of a freezing point of a liquid. In avoidance обмерзания glasses at washing in cold weather preliminary warm up its way обдува passed through the heat exchanger of a heater air.
Electrolit of the storage battery
Cars considered in the present Management are completed by the battery of tight type not requiring service in which case only ventilating apertures are provided. The battery case can be made of translucent plastic, - in this case electrolit level in its banks can be supervised for the purpose of reception of the indirect information on serviceability of functioning of system of a charge and a current condition of the battery. If while in service a vehicle the battery for any reason has been replaced usual (served type), it is necessary to check from time to time electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied stoppers. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For updating of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.
Working liquid of brake system and coupling drive
The main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes. Established from above on ГТЦ the tank is used as a reserve drive in hydraulic paths both brake mechanisms, and coupling (Heads Coupling and power shafts and Brake system see).
Level of a liquid in tanks GTTS and a coupling drive is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and should be supported between marks MIN and the MOVE.
Liquid level in tank GTTS is well looked through through its translucent walls
In case of need updatings of level of a liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of a dirt.
At заливании liquids in the tank watch that it was not sprayed on surrounding painted surfaces кузовных elements. Add in each of systems only a liquid of the grade stipulated by Specifications, - mixing of two liquids of a various grade is inadmissible and can lead to refusal of corresponding system!
At a stage of updating of level it is necessary to check up attentively also a condition of a liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of revealing of mud adjournment, firm extraneous particles or drops of water the system should be emptied and filled by a fresh brake liquid (Heads Coupling and power shafts and Brake system see).
After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.
Remember that level of a working liquid in tank GTTS in process of operation of frictional overlays brake колодок gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If the liquid has to be added too often, hence, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated, - attentively examine all brake lines and them штуцерные connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (in Section Check of brake system more in detail see). Falling of level of a liquid in the tank of a hydrodrive of coupling testifies to development of leaks in a path, including the executive cylinder (Coupling and power shafts see the Head).
If during check of level of a liquid in the main cylinders that fact is elicited that its tank is almost devastated, the corresponding system should be completely pumped over (Coupling and power shafts or Brake system) see the Head.
Liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
The tank of a liquid of system GUR is located in a forward part of an impellent compartment, behind the left headlight.
The tank cover is equipped built in measuring щупом. The Procedure for test standard for all measurements with the help щупов.
Check of level of a working liquid in tank GUR
Try not to suppose an exit of level of a liquid for limits of the bottom border of an admissible range.
In case of need make corresponding updating of level, having added in a tank mouth working liquid ГУР of a demanded grade.
If necessity for updating of level of a liquid arises regularly and often, check up on presence of signs of leaks the steering pump, картер реечной transfers, and also all connecting lines of a hydraulic path of system and them штуцерные connections.
Transmissionnoe oil РКПП
At carrying out described below procedures watch cleanliness observance.
Correctness of level ATF is one of critical operational parametres of the models equipped АТ. Excessive falling of level ATF can lead to proslipping of the converter of rotation whereas the excessive quantity of a liquid conducts to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.
Check of level ATF should be made at разогретой to normal working temperature of transmission (15 ÷ 20 km of run, 72 ÷ 80 hailstones.).
It is not necessary to make check of level ATF right after car operation on high speeds, in the conditions of a city cycle in hot weather, or after trailer towage, - preliminary allow liquids to cool down within nearby 30 minutes!
The difference between marks «MIN» and «MAX» on "the cold" party щупа corresponds 0.35 l, and on "the hot" party - 0.2 l.
Add ATF in the small portions in stages, each time checking level. Do not pour oil since its surpluses can lead to problems in work АТ. Surpluses of oil should be merged or pumped out. Press a pedal of a brake and slowly move the selector lever to all positions consistently. After that once again check up level ATF.
All admissible to application ATF can be mixed among themselves. Do not apply any additives.
Simultaneously with level it is necessary to check as well condition ATF. If the liquid moistening the end of an edge щупа has a dark red-brown shade, or smells as ashes, ATF it is necessary to replace (Automatic 4-step transmission) see the Head. In the absence of confidence of correctness of an estimation of a condition трансмиссионной liquids compare it on colour and a smell with fresh ATF.
Do not start the engine and do not tow the car without presence ATF in the hydrotransformer and АТ.