Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra

Since 1993-2000 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra
+ Cars Opel Corsa B, Tigra and Combo
+ Controls and operation receptions
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ Engines
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual 5-step box of a gear change
+ Automatic 4-step transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
   The general information
   + Forward suspension bracket
   + Back suspension bracket
   - Steering
      Removal and installation of steering draught
      Removal and installation of a tip of steering draught
      Removal and installation of the tank of liquid ГУР
      Removal of air of hydraulic path ГУР
      Removal and pump GUR installation
      Corners of installation of wheels
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Corners of installation of wheels

The general information

Corners of installation of back wheels are established on manufacturer and into number of under control parametres do not enter.

Corners of installation of forward wheels define geometry of position of the last concerning a suspension bracket of the car and a road covering. Infringement of adjustment of this geometry conducts to decrease in controllability of the car and increase of speed of deterioration of tyres. Into number of corners of installation of forward wheels of the car subject to the control enter выбег (a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel), disorder, a corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel and convergence is subject to Adjustment only one of parametres - convergence. Other parametres should be checked on a regular basis for an estimation of degree of deterioration of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive.

Corners of installation of wheels of the car

Adjustment of corners of installation of wheels is among demanding special accuracy of measurement of procedures for which qualitative performance presence of special, enough bulky and expensive equipment is necessary. Performance of the given work will charge most correctly to professional mechanics of car-care centre. More low, for the general understanding, definitions of each of under control corners of installation of wheels of the car which knowledge will facilitate dialogue of the owner of the car with the car-care centre personnel are resulted.

As corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбегом) is called the projection to a vertical longitudinal plane of the car of a corner between a vertical and остью wheel turn. If the turn axis is inclined back (the bottom part of an axis is pushed forward), выбег is called as positive, and on the contrary. Adjustment выбега forward wheels is carried out by selection of the remote washers enclosed under pushing bars of a suspension bracket.

As disorder is called the angle of slope of a plane of wheels concerning a vertical. If wheels are inclined by upper edges outside, disorder is called as positive, and on the contrary. The disorder size is measured in degrees. Correctness of adjustment of disorder defines size and position of a stain of contact of protectors with road and allows to compensate changes in geometry of a suspension bracket during fulfilment of turns and at car movement on a rough road covering. On considered models of cars possibility of adjustment of disorder is not provided.

As corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is called the projection to a vertical cross-section plane of the car of a corner between a vertical and an axis of turn of a wheel.

Thanks to disorder and a corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel, a point of a contact of wheels with road settle down more close to an axis of a rotary fist, than the shoulder обкатки »facilitating driving and reducing effect of transfer of blows of wheels about roughness of a covering on a steering is supported so-called«.

As convergence is called the data size to each other forward edges of wheels of the car. Such infringement of parallelism of installation of wheels allows to minimise deterioration of a protector for the account юза at fulfilment of turns. At zero convergence distance between forward edges of wheels to equally distance between their back edges. Normal convergence usually does not exceed two centimetres. Adjustment of convergence of forward wheels is carried out by updating of length of steering draughts at the expense of change of position of their tips. For updating of convergence of back wheels it is provided special adjusting кулачковый a bolt screwed in the internal end of a control lever of a back suspension bracket. Infringement of adjustment of convergence conducts to acceleration of deterioration of protectors of tyres for the account проскальзывания them on a road covering.

Conditions of check of corners of installation of wheels

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check of corners of installation of the car demands presence of a viewing hole or the special measuring lift. At measurement carrying out it is necessary to satisfy following conditions:
    1. Pressure of air in tyres corresponds to requirements of Specifications in the Head the Suspension bracket and a steering;
    2. Forward wheels are established in rectilinear position;
    3. The car is not loaded, the fuel tank is completely filled;
    4. Car suspension brackets strongly прожаты;
    5. The steering drive is adjusted in the correct image;
    6. Люфты joints of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive do not fall outside the limits admissible ranges;
    7. Depth of a pattern of a protector of tyres of one axis is identical.
  2. All parametres, except convergence, are established by manufacture of the car and adjustment are not subject. If the car has not visited serious failure, corners of installation of wheels should remain during all service life of the car. In the absence of confidence of correctness of definition of parametres not subject to adjustment address for the help to experts.
  3. Convergence can be measured in house conditions in two ways. In the first gauging of distances between forward internal edges of rims of wheels a suitable measuring instrument is made. At use of the second method the special plate is required. Having established a plate to perpendicularly wheel and rotating it, it is possible to reveal a deviation of wheels. The measuring instrument or a plate can be got in specialised shops.
  4. If as a result of check it was found out that convergence requires adjustment, ослабьте counternuts of tips Turn out a wheel against the stop to the left and precisely count visible number of threads of a carving on the right steering draught. After that turn a wheel against the stop to the right and count visible number of threads on the left draught. If two numbers coincide, at the subsequent adjustment it will be necessary to turn on or wrap both tips on identical quantity of turns. If the received results differ from each other, at the subsequent adjustment it is necessary to compensate a difference. After adjustment on both draughts the identical quantity of free threads of a carving should take place.
  5. Having finished adjustment, tighten counternuts, - as draughts rotated, protective covers of the steering mechanism most likely will appear are deformed and it is necessary to weaken collars of their fastening and to make corresponding corrections.

Adjustment of convergence of forward wheels

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Establish wheels in position of rectilinear movement.
  2. Exact position is defined by achievement of the control size (1).

Installation of wheels in position of rectilinear movement
1 — the Control size:
Models without ГУР 420 ± 2 mm
Models with ГУР 435 ± 2 mm
2 — the Left ledge картера the steering mechanism
3 — the Ledge for a protective casing
4 — the Central position of a steering wheel

  1. Establish control template OPEL KM-551-2 between the left ledge картера the steering mechanism (2) and the right ledge for a protective casing (3).
  2. In this position the steering wheel should stand directly (4). In the presence of a deviation from the central position on a corner more ± 5 hailstones remove a steering wheel and establish it directly on a steering shaft.
  3. Remove a collar (1) fastenings of a protective casing and give a counternut (2) tips of steering draught.

Collar (1) protective casings and a counternut of a tip of steering draught

  1. Adjust convergence, rotating both steering draughts.

Thus it is necessary to maintain length of steering draughts.

Length (1) tips of steering draught

  1. Tighten a counternut of a tip of steering draught with effort of 50 Nanometers.
  2. Correct a protective casing and fix its collar.
  3. Once again check up adjustment of convergence of forward wheels.