Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra
Since 1993-2000 of release
Repair and car operation
Opel Corsa B, Combo, Tigra
+ Cars Opel Corsa B, Tigra and Combo
- Controls and operation receptions
The panel of devices
The information display
Additional electronic devices
Elements of systems of safety of the car
The salon equipment
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual 5-step box of a gear change
+ Automatic 4-step transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Elements of systems of safety of the car
The general information
Cars considered in the present Management are equipped by a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of road and transport incident (road accident). The seats equipped with headrests, seat belts, emergency automatic натяжители belts and a pillow of safety of the driver and the forward passenger Here enter.
Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from outside the owner of a vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located concerns their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision, and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.
For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped by seat belts.
In the panel of devices the special control lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about necessity to be fastened by seat belts is built in.
Pillows of safety of the driver and the passenger
The standard complete set of some models includes the system of additional safety SRS more known as a pillow of safety. The system is developed for protection of the driver and the forward passenger against heading or a breast about a steering wheel or the panel of devices in case of strong front blow.
Principle of action of forward pillows of safety
The lateral pillows of safety providing protection of the driver and the forward passenger at lateral blows can enter into an additional complete set also
Principle of action of lateral pillows of safety
The owner of the car equipped with system SRS, is obliged to know most important points about a design and a principle of action of elements of system:
Effectively to execute the protective function, the safety pillow should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety pillow, protecting the driver or the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the reason травмирования, and sometimes and serious mutilations, up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger have not been properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary position on seats.
To lower probability травмирования a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened always by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from a steering wheel/panel of devices.
Position of seats and their backs
The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, simultaneously providing conditions of the most effective performance of the functions with belts and safety pillows. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.
The choice of position of a seat also influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, at excessive approach of a seat to a steering wheel or the panel of devices the risk травмирования sitting at operation of a pillow of safety, and also risk of ejection through a windscreen increases at a head-on collision.
The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen fixing of a body by a seat belt, - the more the back is rejected back, the above probability проскальзывания bodies of a seat belt sitting under zone section at strong front blow, and that is heavier the got traumas can.
Fix position of a forward seat in as much as possible removed (and at the same time convenient for realisation of management by a vehicle) from a steering wheel or the panel of devices position, a back result in vertical position.
Headrests prevent травмирование cervical department of a backbone and a head at blow behind. The headrest should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with an upper edge of an ear sitting.
Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers
The general information
Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of maintenance of the maximum protection of all people being in the car.
After the driver and all passengers have taken the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.
On some models the sound or light alarm system, which working at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car is provided.
The driver sitting too close to the panel of devices is exposed to the raised risk травмирования, up to reception of serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at operation of a pillow of safety in case of road accident.
In order to avoid risk травмирования, properly fasten a seat belt, result a seat back in vertical position and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in position as much as possible removed from a steering wheel Thus, certainly, the driver should provide to itself the good review and possibility of a convenient manipulation with all controls the car. Be convinced that the seat of the forward passenger also is as much as possible removed from the panel of devices.
Correct position of the driver on a seat
The overwhelming majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove as much as possible far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However if you are disturbed by too close position of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, composers of the present Management recommend to the reader to pay attention to some kinds of auxiliaries, - on firm car repair shops it is possible to receive the exhaustive information on this point in question.
Having convinced of correctness of position of a seat, check up reliability of its fixing. Instructions on adjustment of position of forward seats are resulted in Section the salon Equipment.
Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having resulted it in the most convenient for your constitution, as much as possible approached to vertical position, having left thus sufficient space between a thorax and a steering wheel nave in which the safety pillow is built in.
Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a seat belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of its protective functions. The more the seat back is inclined back, the above probability проскальзывания bodies sitting under lumbar section at strong front blow, and that is heavier the got traumas can. Instructions on adjustment of backs of a seat are resulted in Section the salon Equipment.
Before a start of motion make sure that position of headrests on each of seats corresponds to necessary requirements, providing due protection of cervical department of a backbone and a head sitting at blow behind. The headrest should be adjusted on height so that its central part was flush with a nape If it is not possible to achieve it, the headrest should be established in extreme top position.
Correct adjustment of a headrest
Instructions on adjustment of position of headrests are resulted in Section the salon Equipment.
Latch скобу belt buckles in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section upwards, checking reliability of fixing скобы in the lock. Make sure that the belt strap is not overwound, - the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.
As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as it is possible more low on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve dense прилегания a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve dense прилегания its humeral section to a trunk. The strap should pass through a thorax sitting on a diagonal so that loading at blow had basically on the strongest top part of a torso.
The driver of a vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, should check, that all passengers also have been properly fastened.
Correct position of zone section of a belt will provide the most safe repayment of inertia of a body at failure, keeping it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a humeral joint of a hand, it is necessary to correct position top анкерного belt fastenings on a car rack
The top fastenings of seat belts
To adjust position of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press buttons of a clamp and shift fastening upwards or downwards on built in in a rack directing, achieving correct position of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed positions.
Incorrectly functioning seat belt cannot provide appropriate protection of the driver/passenger in case of road and transport incident. In the absence of confidence of correctness of adjustments, charge to experts of a car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. The additional information on seat belts is presented in Section the salon Equipment.
Landing to a seat
The general recommendations
After the driver and all passengers have taken the places in car salon, have adjusted position of the seats and have put on seat belts, they should give correct position to the body, densely having nestled a back on a back of a seat and firmly having put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine deenergizing.
Infringement of correctness of landing during movement raises risk of reception of a trauma as a result of road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of reception by them of serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.
Besides, the forward passengers occupying wrong position on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward pillow of safety.
If on equipped with lateral pillows of safety the car the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in a zone of operation of a pillow of safety, the risk of reception by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.
Try to observe correct position on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts raise efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.
Recommendations for pregnant women
Safety of the pregnant woman is the best way of preservation of a fruit in case of road accident, therefore at movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman should be fastened without fail a seat belt, paying thus special attention on correctness of placing of its sections concerning the body.
At use of belts of a diagonalno-zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section of a belt should settle down as it is possible more low on hips and not to be at all not imposed on a stomach.
The pregnant woman also should occupy vertical position on a seat. Thus the forward seat should be as much as possible far is removed from the panel of devices that will allow in case of road accident or operation of a forward pillow of safety to lower risk of reception of traumas and mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit.
At each visiting of the observing doctor, consult, whether it is necessary to you to operate the car.
Transportation of children
For safety of transportation of children younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and fixing means, detailed instructions on placing and which installation will be offered you in a place of acquisition of a product. In case of need address for consultations on firm car repair shops.
It is forbidden to use the same seat belt for пристегивания two persons simultaneously. In this case the belt will not carry out the protective functions and in case of failure passengers can receive serious traumas.
Do not attach to straps of seat belts any overlays and other subjects. Installation of extras or change of position of fastening of humeral section can lower efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability травмирования at failure.
Have no firm or sharp subjects between the body and a forward pillow of safety.
Transportation of firm or sharp subjects in a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp subjects in a mouth at failure can lead to reception heavy to traumas.
For the purpose of prevention of risk of unapproved operation of forward pillows of safety try not to bring a hand to the locations of their modules on the panel of devices and a steering wheel nave
On equipped with lateral pillows of safety models do not fix firm subjects on internal panels of forward doors and in immediate proximity from them.
Design features of seat belts
Diagonalno-zone seat belt
The scheme of a lining of a seat belt of a diagonalno-zone design
To unfasten a belt, press the red button with inscription PRESS which is located on the case of the lock of a buckle. At taking - up of a belt by a drum of the returnable device it is necessary to hold it for скобу buckles. After an exit from the car check up, that the belt has not got to a doorway and it has not appeared is clamped at захлопывании by last.
Belts of a diagonalno-zone design are equipped with the returnable device of the inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically do not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allow it to change a pose to a seat easily. At road accident or sharp braking of the car the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting possibility of dangerous moving sitting.
Automatic emergency натяжители seat belts
On some models for the purpose of maintenance of additional protection of the driver and the forward passenger seat belts of forward seats are supplied by devices, at operation providing an automatic tension of belts that provides additional guarantees of an exception of dangerous movings of the driver and the forward passenger at a head-on collision.
Modules emergency automatic натяжителей
Operation automatic emergency натяжителей occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward pillows of safety is simultaneously made.
At operation натяжителя the seat belt remains in the tense position until скоба its buckles will not be liberated from the lock of last.
Operation of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices emergency натяжителей belts (see Has undressed the Panel of devices).
Principles of functioning of elements of system of additional safety (SRS)
Into number of devices and the components forming system of additional safety (SRS) enter:
The module of a driver's pillow of safety
Marks on a cover of the module of a lateral pillow of safety
Forward pillows of safety
Gauges of the directed overloads react to excess of some limiting value which can arise at a strong head-on collision. On a signal of gauges the management block includes газогенераторы safety pillows, causing their instant filling.
Эпюра directions of the blows leading to operation of gauges of directed overloads of forward pillows of safety
During collision the seat belt keeps from displacement the bottom part of a trunk sitting. Forward pillows of safety help to prevent травмирование the driver and the forward passenger as a result of blow by their head and a thorax about a steering wheel or the panel of devices.
As signals on operation of both pillows of safety arrive from the same gauges, both pillows work simultaneously. However the probability инициации only is not excluded by one of pillows if the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of an operation range газогенераторов. In this case seat belts provide reliable enough protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a pillow of safety will be minimum.
Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all controls the car.
Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before release of gas from pillows occupies with gauges of overloads fractions of a second.
After road accident at which there was an operation of pillows of safety, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a suspension тонкодисперсного a powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with disease of respiratory organs can feel certain discomfort at inhalation of the products getting to air allocated газогенераторами of pillows.
Control lamp of refusals SRS
Control lamp SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car (see Has undressed the Panel of devices) and intended for the prevention of the driver about revealed by system of self-diagnostics refusals in system of additional system of safety. On some updatings of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of lateral pillows of safety or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.
At ignition inclusion (the ignition key will turn in position «II») К/Л lights up for short time, then at once dies away that confirms serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.
At any operation К/Л during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to experts HUNDRED Opel. The following concerns number of such situations:
In the presence of the malfunctions listed above signs the additional system of safety can refuse a failure case.
Lateral pillows of safety
On some models as an additional complete set lateral pillows of safety of the driver and the forward passenger, heads of the driver providing protection and the forward passenger can be established at lateral blows. Modules of lateral pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked by inscriptions «AIRBAG». К/Л SRS on an instrument guard of the car works at revealing of malfunctions in chains инициации additional pillows of safety.
At strong lateral blow gauges of the directed overloads fix excess by arising loadings of some threshold value and give out an information signal on the block of management which develops a command on operations газогенератора a corresponding lateral pillow of safety. Thus, if blow has had from outside a passenger seat, the passenger lateral pillow will work even in the absence of the passenger on a forward seat.
Эпюры operations of gauges of the directed overloads of lateral pillows of safety
For maintenance of the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided with safety pillows, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should sit directly and to be fastened seat belts.
Maintenance service of elements SRS
Pyrotechnic modules of pillows of safety and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not require regular checks and maintenance service. However the owner of the vehicle equipped in appropriate way should remember the following:
Danger of a poisoning монооксидом carbon (WITH)
Into structure of the fulfilled gases of the engine enters extremely toxic монооксид carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try to check a technical condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in following cases:
In the closed premises with bad ventilation, for example, in garage, concentration CO can быстроувеличиваться to dangerous value. Therefore it is forbidden to leave the engine working at the closed collars of garage. Even at open collars do not leave the engine working long time. At once after engine start it is necessary to leave garage and to continue engine warming up in the street.
At movement with an open door of a back the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when to close a door it is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include air ventilation.